“The back was designed by Clair Aubrey Huston; Farming, a scene in Manchester Township, York County, Pennsylvania, was engraved by Marcus W Baldwin; Industry, a mill in Joliet, Illinois, was engraved by HL Chorlton. The first day of issue was November 16, 1914.”
Note that Pennsylvania produced hemp through the 1900s, and the crop depicted on the currency is too tall to be wheat or flax, so it’s rather obvious that it’s hemp.
The “Hemp 10 Dollar Bill” is available in the following series:
- Large-Size Ten Dollar Note, Federal Reserve Note, Series 1914/Red Seal
- Small-Size Ten Dollar Note, Federal Reserve Note, Series 1915/Blue Seal
- Small-Size Ten Dollar Note, Federal Reserve Note, Series 1918/Blue Seal
– The Comprehensive Catalog of US Paper Money, All United States Federal Currency Since 1812, Sixth Edition, Gene Hessler, ppg. 173-176.
Clair Aubrey Huston was born in Philly in 1857 and did the front side of the 1944 $10/denomination. Secretary of the treasury, “Andrew Mellon” (signed at the bottom right) was the head of Standard Oil, what is today Exxon Mobile, and the world’s largest oil company and secretary to 5 US Presidents.
His nephew was Harry Anslinger (Father of Cannabis and Hemp Prohibition), head of the Bureau of Federal Narcotics, started in 1931. (see the video up top for more details)
Legal Tender - For over 200 years in colonial America, hemp was a currency you could use to pay taxes.
In 1619, King James I decreed that the American colonists of Jamestown would need to step up efforts to do their fair share towards supporting England. The Virginia Company enacted the decree, asking Jamestown's landowners to grow and export 100 hemp plants to help support England's cause. Later the colonists would grow it to support its expansion in the Americas. Cannabis cultivation played a central role in the establishment of the United States, with cannabis appearing on the ten-dollar bill as late as 1900. George Washington grew hemp at Mount Vernon as one of his three primary crops. The use of hemp for rope and fabric later became ubiquitous throughout the 18th and 19th centuries in the United States. Medicinal preparations of cannabis became available in American pharmacies in the 1850s following an introduction to its use in Western medicine by William O'Shaughnessy a decade earlier in 1839.
Industrial hemp was grown in the U.S. since the first European settlers arrived in the early 1600s. It was considered illegal NOT to grow hemp in 1619 in Jamestown, Virginia. Massachusetts and Connecticut had similar laws, and in the 1700s, subsidies and bounties granted in North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and other New England state encouraged hemp cultivation. Industrial manufacturing of cordage and canvas was also highly encouraged of all new settlers.
Most of our founding fathers grew hemp and actively advocated for commercial hemp production. Benjamin Franklin owned a paper mill that used hemp, and Thomas Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence on hemp paper. Most people are familiar with these historical facts about hemp, but let's explore a few lesser-known facts about hemp.
Laws on Hemp Today
Hemp only recently again became legal to grow and use in the United States under federal law.
In 1970, the U.S. government passed the Controlled Substances Act, a statute that regulates all cannabis, including industrial hemp. However, the definition of marijuana was lifted from the existing 1937 statute and adopted without any change. This definition excluded certain parts of hemp — sterilized hemp seed, hemp fiber, and hemp seed oil — from regulation.
In 2004, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the Drug Enforcement Administration did not have the authority to regulate these specific parts of hemp under the Controlled Substances Act. Hemp could therefore still be imported and those parts of the plant used for products.
After nearly a century of the prohibition on the cultivation of hemp, the versatile plant is starting to again take root in America. With the passing of the 2014 Farm Bill, which featured Section 7606, states became allowed to implement laws allowing state departments of agriculture and universities to grow hemp for research or pilot programs.
Then, the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill contains provisions that removed hemp from the Controlled Substances Act altogether, radically overhauling America’s relation to hemp and hemp products. The law made it legal for U.S. farmers to grow, process, and sell hemp commercially. It also legalized hemp nationwide for any use, including the extraction of CBD oil.
To date, over 40 states have passed legislation related to hemp cultivation and the nation’s hemp market was valued at more than $688 million in 2016.
Hemp food products are considered a top 10 food trend for 2019, and the hemp-derived CBD market is on track to reach $22 billion by 2022.